To form by putting together parts; build; frame; devise. A complex image or idea resulting from synthesis by the mind.

Volume 25, Number 1

Khudi Bari, Marina Tabassum Architects: Photograph by City Syntax.

Back Cover
Concrete Plant in Easton, Pennsylvania, Turner Brooks, charcoal drawing.


Website: (for back issues)

Constructs is published twice a year by the dean’s office of the Yale School of Architecture.

We would like to acknowledge the support of the Thomas Rutherford Trowbridge Fund; the Paul Rudolph Publication Fund; the Dean Robert A.M. Stern Fund; the Robert A.M. Stern Family Foundation for Advancement of Architectural Culture Fund; and the Nitkin Family Dean’s Discretionary Fund in Architecture.

Deborah Berke, J.M. Hoppin Professor

Associate Deans
Sunil Bald
Phillip G. Bernstein (BA ’79, MArch ’83)

Assistant Deans
Nadine Koobatian
Bimal Mendis (BA ’98, MArch ’02)
Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen (MED ’94)

Ali John Pierre Artemel (MArch ’14)

Associate Editor
Cathryn Drake

Assistant Editor
Benjamin Piascik

Graphic Design
Manuel Miranda Practice

HG Grotesk by Berton Hasebe

GHP Media

AJ Artemel
Sangji Han (MArch ’23)
Tong Tom Hsu (MArch ’24)
Benjamin Piascik

With special thanks to Emma Brown, Israt, Douglas Gillespie, Frida Grahn, Marc Guberman, Nina Rappaport, and Sojin Shin.

© Copyright 2023
Yale School of Architecture
PO Box 208242
New Haven, CT 06520

Constructs Fall 2023