Books written by MED alumni
Books written by M.E.D. alumni, many the result of M.E.D. research.

The Master of Environmental Design program is a two-year research-based program culminating in a Masters thesis. Started in 1967, the MED program remains one of the first and most intensive of its kind with a history that is particularly relevant today.

The program has long addressed environment as the aggregate of objects, conditions, and influences that constitute the constructed surroundings. Today that environmental scope informs many crucial contemporary issues from climate change and global inequality to digital ubiquity and the influence of large socio-technical organizations. A return to the origins of the program also energizes an activist conception of design. Positioned beyond client consumption or the cultural production of galleries, to design, in this context, is to create conditions for change that address urgent situations in the present.

The MED program prepares students for a critical practice in writing, teaching, curatorial work, and experimental design. It may also provide a foundation for future Ph.D. studies in architecture and related fields. The very intention of the program is to assert fresh applications of spatial practices in the broader culture and even in global governance.

The program culminates in a Masters thesis. While a scholarly text accompanies each thesis, students and advisors can tailor the final project document to accommodate the specifics of the inquiry (e,g, experimental design proposal, mapping, web archive, field guide, exhibition, etc.).

Situated to cross reference all the programs at YSOA and all the disciplines within the university, MED students have a special agency within the school. They generate a rich interdisciplinary discussion of social, political, economic, technical, and aesthetic material. During their studies, students take advantage of an extensive array of resources at Yale University. Researchers may teach and take part in symposia as well as join in collaborative projects that exercise design, curatorial, editorial, and archival skills.

Eligibility and Admissions

The MED program is intended for qualified applicants with a graduate or undergraduate degree in architecture or a related discipline who exhibit a strong capacity for independent research. The final degree of Master of Environmental Design (MED) is a nonprofessional degree that does not fulfill prerequisites for licensure.

Areas of study

In the over fifty-year history of the program, a diverse inventory of MED projects has included everything from prescient speculations about architecture and computing to studies of global infrastructure networks and landscapes to the intersections of architecture, art, and media among many other things. Students are encouraged to engage in a wide variety of methodologies, tools, and topics. Below are some recurring areas of research.

Ecologies and Economies of the Built Environment

Study of the ecological, economic, and cultural forces that shape the environment including among other things climate change, inequality, globalization, infrastructures and socio-technical organizations, settlement patterns and urban geography.

History, Theory, and Criticism of Architecture and Urbanism

History and theory of architecture and urbanity; intersections between aesthetics and politics; architectural criticism; study of design methods; contemporary architectural culture.

Multimedia Research

Digital ubiquity; study of network geography and infrastructure; digital media as a tool and subject of research; use of digital tools in fabricating building components and visualizing data.

Visual Studies

Visual communication and representation; exhibition technologies and curatorial strategies; the role of various media in shaping architectural culture; notation and mapping techniques; design research.

Course of study and requirements

In course titles, a designates fall term, and b designates spring term. The School reserves the right to change the prescribed course of study as necessary.

The program of study is a combination of required classes, electives, and independent research. A total of 72 credits is required for completion of the M.E.D. program, allocated as 18 credits each term. A minimum of 21 credits is assigned to electives and 6 to the required M.E.D. courses. A maximum of 45 credits is assigned to independent research (3092a or b). The electives and course distribution are determined in consultation with the student’s primary adviser and the director of the program.

Course requirements for the M.E.D. Program

M.E.D. students are required to take a course in research methodologies (3091a) in the fall term of their first year and a course in architectural theory (3022b) in the spring term of their first year. All other course work is distributed among electives chosen from School of Architecture and other Yale University courses. (See descriptions of courses in the M.Arch. curriculum as well as in the bulletins of other schools of Yale University and online at Yale Course Search.) All M.E.D. students are required to take 3092a or b each term to develop their independent project.

Note: Design studios offered in the M.Arch. program are closed to M.E.D. students. Exceptions are considered only if the design studio is directly related to a student’s research, and are subject to approval by the M.E.D. chair, the dean, and the studio instructor.

M.E.D.: Total Requirement: 72 credits
First Year (Fall)

3091a, Methods and Research Workshop 3
3092a, Independent Research and Electives 15

First Year (Spring)

3012b, Architectural Theory 3
3092b, Independent Research and Electives 15

Second Year (Fall)

3092a, Independent Research and Electives 18

Second Year (Spring)

3092b, Independent Research and Electives 18

Summer preparation courses for incoming M.E.D. students

In the week before the beginning of the fall term, the School offers two preparation courses that are required for incoming M.E.D. students. (These courses are offered online during the fall term for 2020–2021.)

  1. Summer Digital Media Orientation Course. This half-day orientation covers accessing the School’s servers, use of the School’s equipment, and the School’s digital media policies and procedures.
  2. Arts Library Research Methodology Course. This course covers research methodologies and tools specific to the M.E.D. curriculum.

Advisors and M.E.D. Program Committee

Students work closely with one or two advisers on their independent project. Advisers are primarily drawn from the School of Architecture faculty. Additional advisers are drawn from other departments at the University as appropriate to the field of study. The following faculty members serve on the M.E.D. committee, which reviews all independent work each term.

Keller Easterling, Chair

Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen
Alan Plattus
Elihu Rubin

Additional Faculty from around the university who frequently serve as MED advisors and readers include:
Kishwar Rizvi, History of Art
Craig Buckley, History of Art
Fatima Naqvi, History of Art
Francesco Casetti, Film and Media Studies
William Rankin, History of Science

Academic rules and regulations

Four terms must be spent in residence. Under exceptional circumstances, and with permission of the dean and the School’s Rules Committee, students may apply for half-time status (9 credits per term), after successful completion of the first term (18 credits). The in absentia tuition fee is $250 per term. Additional procedures and restrictions for the M.E.D. program can be found in the School’s “Academic Rules and Regulations” section of the School of Architecture Handbook.
Hastings Hall
Application Deadlines
The application for the 2021-2022 school year is due on January 2, 2021.
Apply to the MED Program

Design and Visualization 3

Spring 2021
Graphic Inquiry
Luke Bulman
Spring 2021
Color in Architecture
Sara Caples
Spring 2021
AI Aesthetics
Brennan Buck

Technology and Practice 7

Spring 2021
Architectural Writing and Journalism
AJ Artemel
Spring 2021
Skin Deep: Envelope as Potential Energy
Martin Finio
Spring 2021
Design Computation
Michael Szivos
Spring 2021
Regenerative Building: Horse Island
Alan Organschi
Spring 2021
Exploring New Value in Design Practice
Phillip Bernstein, Brittany Olivari
Spring 2021
The Mechanical Artifact: Ultra Space
Dana Karwas, Ariel Ekblaw
Spring 2021
Building Disasters
John D. Jacobson

History and Theory 12

Spring 2021
Architectural Theory
Marta Caldeira
Spring 2021
Independent M.E.D. Research
Keller Easterling
Spring 2021
Introduction to Islamic Architecture
Kishwar Rizvi
Spring 2021
Renaissance and Modern II
Kurt Forster, Peter Eisenman
Spring 2021
Exhibitionism: Politics of Display
Joel Sanders
Spring 2021
After the Modern Movement: An Atlas of Postmodernism
Robert A.M. Stern
Spring 2021
From Shigeru Ban to IKEA: Designing Refugee Camps
Esther da Costa Meyer
Spring 2021
Topics in the History of Architecture Education
Joan Ockman
Spring 2021
New York as Incubator of Twentieth-Century Urbanism: Four Urban Thinkers and the City They Envisioned 
Joan Ockman
Spring 2021
Textile Architectures: A Transhistorical and Global Perspective into Architectural Historiography
Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen
Spring 2021
A Critical History of Domestication: The House
Pier Vittorio Aureli, Elisa Iturbe
Spring 2021
Lightness and Modernity: Architecture, Design, Energy
Craig Buckley

Urbanism and Landscape 7

Spring 2021
Globalization Space: International Infrastructure and Extrastatecraft
Keller Easterling
Spring 2021
Port Cities
Alan Plattus
Spring 2021
Introduction to Commercial Real Estate
Kevin Gray
Spring 2021
History of British Landscape Architecture: 1600 to 1900
Bryan Fuermann
Spring 2021
The City Before and After the Tubewell
Anthony Acciavatti
Spring 2021
Urban Landscape and Geographies of Justice
Elihu Rubin
Spring 2021
A Critical History of Domestication: Environments of Subsistence
Elisa Iturbe, Pier Vittorio Aureli